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2009年2月19日 (木)

米国の景気対策法案成立、エネルギー・環境関連が多数

Obama 大統領は217日、7,970億ドルの景気対策法案(Stimulus Plan)に調印した。

非常に多岐にわたるもので、金額の大きいものは以下の通り。

個人減税 1,162億ドル
「金持税制」<p><p><p><p>HTML clipboard</p></p></p></p>(Alternative Minimum Tax) 補正   698億ドル
Medicaid コストの州への援助  871億ドル
教育費の州への援助  536億ドル
失業補償   358億ドル
高速道路、橋の補修  275億ドル

小さなものでは、地デジ変換のためのクーポンの継続として、650百万ドルが含まれている。
(米国では
217日に予定されていたアナログの地上波テレビ放送停止とデジタル放送への完全移行を6月12日まで延期した)

注目すべきはエネルギーや環境関連のものが非常に多く含まれていることで、以下のような事業が含まれている。
再生可能エネルギー関連が多い。ほかに省エネ住宅、公共交通、ハイブリッドカー、同用途の電池の推進などもある。

CategoryProgramsCost
Tax Cuts for Businesses; Energy Expand tax incentives for renewable energy facilities

Extend production tax credit for wind energy facilities through 2012 and other renewable energy facilities through 2013. Allow renewable facilities to claim investment tax credit instead of production tax credit. Remove cap on investment tax credit for small wind property. Allow renewable energy producers to claim a 30 percent cash grant from the Treasury Department in lieu of the 30 percent investment tax credit.

$14.0 billion
Energy Modernize the electric grid

Make the electric grid "smarter," by improving communication so electricity can be distributed and used more efficiently.

$11.0 billion
Transportation Invest in rail transportation

Expand passenger rail capacity and make grants for high-speed rail projects, including Amtrak.

$9.3 billion
Transportation Invest in public transit

Provide grants to states for public transit infrastructure investment, reallocating money that is not spent quickly.

$8.4 billion
Energy Provide grants to cities, counties and states to increase energy efficiency $6.3 billion
Energy Provide additional financing for Innovative Energy Loan Guarantee program

Guarantee loans for renewable energy or electricity transmission projects that "avoid, reduce, or sequester air pollutants or anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases," according to the program's Web site.

$6.0 billion
Environment Clean up sites formerly used by the Defense Department $6.0 billion
Environment Finance local water projects

Provide money for wastewater treatment projects and projects that improve the quality of drinking water.

$6.0 billion
Energy; Aid to Individuals Increase financing for home weatherization program

Help low-income families make their homes more energy efficient, through projects like adding insulation. 

$5.0 billion
Energy Increase energy efficiency in federal buildings $4.5 billion
Infrastructure Make military facilities more energy efficient $4.2 billion
Energy; Infrastructure; Housing Repair and modernize public housing units $4.0 billion
Energy Invest in fossil energy

Includes money for near-zero emissions power plants, clean coal technology and carbon capture.

$3.4 billion
Energy; Science and Research Conduct energy efficiency and renewable energy research $2.5 billion
Energy; Tax Cuts for Individuals Increase tax credits for residential energy efficiency improvements

Increase tax credits for purchases to make homes energy efficient, such as new furnaces or insulation, to 30 percent through 2010, for up to $1,500.

$2.0 billion
Energy; Tax Cuts for Individuals Incentive for alternative vehicle

Increase the tax credit for purchasing plug-in hybrid vehicles to $7,500.

$2.0 billion
Energy Support battery manufacturing

Provide grants to manufacturers of advanced battery systems and car batteries in the United States.

$2.0 billion
Energy; Science and Research Provide additional financing for science and research at the Department of Energy

Includes $400 million for rapid development of clean energy technology.

$2.0 billion
Tax Cuts for Businesses; Energy Incentive for advanced energy investment

Establish a new 30 percent investment tax credit for manufacturers of advanced energy property, which may include technology for the production of renewable energy, energy storage, energy conservation, efficient transmission and distribution of electricity, and carbon capture and sequestration.

$1.6 billion
Aid to States; Energy Authorize more state and local bonds for energy-related purposes

Authorize an additional $1.6 billion in renewable energy bonds and $2.4 billion in energy conservation bonds to finance state and local government projects.

$1.4 billion
Environment; Rural Assistance Finance rural water and waste facilities

Provide grants and loans for water supply and waste disposal programs in rural areas.

$1.4 billion
Environment Finance national environmental cleanup

Provide money for the Environmental Protection Agency's cleanup programs, including Superfund.

$1.2 billion
Environment; Rural Assistance Provide water to rural areas and Western areas impacted by drought $1.0 billion
Energy; Aid to States Provide grants to states for energy-efficient vehicles and infrastructure

Includes $300 million to help state and local governments purchase hybrid vehicles and $400 million to start electrical infrastructure projects that encourage the use of electric vehicles.

$400 million
Energy; Aid to Individuals Provide consumers rebates for energy-efficient appliances $300 million
Energy Replace older vehicles owned by the federal government with hybrid and electric cars $300 million
Tax Cuts for Individuals; Energy Expand tax incentives for residential renewable energy properties

Remove dollar caps on the 30 percent residential credit for solar thermal, geothermal and small wind property.

$268 million
Energy; Housing Improve energy efficiency in government-subsidized apartment buildings $250 million
Energy; Tax Cuts for Businesses Incentive for alternative fuel pumps

Increase tax credits for gas stations and other businesses that install non-hydrogen, alternative fuel pumps to 50 percent through 2010, for up to $50,000.

$54 million
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* 総合目次、項目別目次は
 http://kaznak.web.infoseek.co.jp/blog/zenpan-1.htm にあります。

  各記事の「その後」については、上記目次から入るバックナンバーに付記します。


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